Tomb of Allama Iqbal.
Allama Mohammad Iqbal is the famous Thinker of Pakistan and Shair-e-Mashriq (The Poet of the East). When he was 60 years old he died at Lahore on 21 April 1938. After the independence of Pakistan an academy was established by the name of Iqbal Academy to convey the political and philosophical messages and taught the students and motivate them.
The tomb of Iqbal is very famous in Lahore. People come from everywhere. The tomb of Allama Iqbal has two main gates one at the southern and other on the eastern side of the tomb which is inlaid with marbles. The grave of Iqbal is constructed by marble. The stone of the tomb is made of Lapis Lazuli, the same which was used for Mughal Emperor Babur’s tomb. With Quranic verses in calligraphy the stone is inscribed. The stone of the tomb was gifted from Afghan people lived in Afghanistan. Walls which are inside the tomb, from Iqbal’s peotical work Zabur-e-Ajam (Persian Psalms 6 couplets of a ghazal are carved. There is a small garden which is distributed into small different plots around the tomb.
The Chief Architect, Nawab Zain Yar Jang Bahadur of Hyderabad Daccan designed the tomb of Allama Iqbal. The construction period of tomb was 13 years. The construction cost of the tomb was one hundred Thousand (Rs.100, 000). The reason why this tomb took soo long for construction is because of the red-stone stoppage which was coming from Jaipur at the time of India’s post-independence. A Committee was formed that was controlled over by Chaudhary Mohammed Hussain, soon after the death of Allama Iqbal in the year 1938. By different architects, the designs were presented for the first round but they were not satisfying. The final which was selected for the tomb was from the traditions of Mughal and was a combination of the architecture by Moorish and Afghans.
Other problems and difficulties were apart but the first and the most important issue was the arrangement of funds which was required for the construction of the tomb. The committee was not in a favor to take any donations and financial support from the local Government. The fund was collected by the lovers, friends and the admirers of Alama Iqbal. The sandstone for the tomb was brought from Jaipur. From Makrana, and Rajputana the marble for the building was brought. The export of red stone was restricted after the independence; the construction was also effected and delayed due to this restriction.
The tomb is not only famous because of Iqbal but also for its beautiful construction. Every day a large number of people visit the national poet’s tomb from different parts of the world, offer fateha and sprinkle flowers.